The Villa Savoye is considered by many to be the seminal work of the
Swiss architect Le Corbusier. Situated at
Poissy, outside of Paris, it is an iconic architectural example of
early modernism, the so-called International
Style. Construction was completed circa 1929 but fell into disrepair
during World War II. It has since been fully restored and is open for
The house addressed “The Five Points”, his basic tenets
of a new aesthetic of architecture:
- The pilotis, or ground-level supporting columns, elevating the building.
- A flat roof terrace reclaims the area of the building site for domestic purposes, including a garden area.
- The free plan, made possible by the elimination of load-bearing walls.
- Horizontal windows provide even illumination and ventilation.
- The freely-designed facade, unconstrained by load-bearing considerations, consists of a thin skin of wall and windows.
The ultimate modern house
This house in many ways defined the course that modern architecture
was to take in the 20th Century. An early and classic exemplar of the
“International Style”, in which the mass of the building hovers above a
grass plane on thin concrete pilotti, with strip windows, and a flat
roof with a deck area, ramp, and a few contained touches of curvaceous